Welcome to National Research Centre on Mithun

About us

The ICAR-National Research Centre on Mithun was established in June 1988 in the state of Nagaland under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research to provide impetus on the research work on Mithun (Bos frontalis). Mithun, a ruminant species belonging to the family Bovidae and assumed to be the domesticated form of wild gaur (Bos gaurus) is indigenous to the eastern Himalayas and referred to as the ‘sacrificial ox’ of the North-Eastern Region of India. It plays an important role in the traditions and rituals of the vast tribal population of this region.

ICAR-NRC on Mithun has been playing key roles in the conservation, breeding, and health management of this magnificent species. The scientists of this Institute, in the past 28 years, have generated significant scientific information and developed many farmers’ friendly technologies and a package of practices for making mithun husbandry a sustainable commercial venture.

Success Stories

Implementation of Cent Percent Artificial Insemination in the Institute Mithun Farm

Implementation of Cent Percent Artificial Insemination in the Institute Mithun Farm
The shy nature of mithun bull and a less pronounced oestrous sign of mithun female make semen collection and artificial insemination (AI) in mithun a tiresome task. Nevertheless, AI is an important step for the implementation of any genetic improvement programme. A team of Scientists of the Animal Physiology and Reproduction section developed a protocol for the freezing of mithun semen using a controlled bio-freezer. In order to address the problem of detection of estrus in mithun, successfully validated the ‘Ovsynch’ protocol for timed AI. Subsequently, the collection of semen using an artificial vagina was also standardized. During this year, in order to implement 100% AI in the Mithun Farm, estrus synchronization and timed AI was introduced. Estrus synchronization of 28 mithun cows was carried out. Out of these animals, 24 (85.71%) exhibited estrus behaviour. 19 animals were inseminated with frozen-thawed Mithun and 14 (73.68%) were confirmed as pregnant on the basis of nonreturn rate and per-rectal examination. Till March 2017, 11 AI inseminated cows were calved producing 09 female and 2 male calves. Efforts are also being made to implement AI in the farmer's herd.

Pages

News and Announcements

Unity College, Department of Economics, visits ICAR-NRC on Mithun - 30 April 2022

Unity College, Department of Economics, visits ICAR-NRC on Mithun - 30 April 2022
ICAR - NRC on Mithun was visited by 21 students along with 3 faculty members of Unity College, Department of Economics on 30 April 2022. They visited the mithun farm along with the different laboratories of the institute. The students were briefly explained about the research and experiments that are currently being pursued as well as the types of equipment that are available in the institute.  

Discourse on Agro-Ecological and Livestock Practices

Discourse on Agro-Ecological and Livestock Practices
ICAR-NRC on Mithun organized “Discourse on Agro-Ecological and Livestock Practices” under the ‘Kisan Bhagidari, Prathmikta Hamari’ campaign on 28 April 2022. This campaign is a part of the government’s ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ Programme. The main objective of the programme is to educate the rural farmers to integrate agriculture and livestock farming. Dr M. H. Khan. Director emphasized how to establish small livestock enterprises and integrate them with agriculture. He explained in detail...

Hon'ble Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda Ji Visit - 25 April 2022

Hon'ble Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda Ji Visit - 25 April 2022
Hon'ble Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda Ji visited ICAR-NRC on Mithun, Nagaland on 25.04.2022. He had an interaction with the Scientists and other staff about the prospects of Mithun husbandry in improving farmers' income and the role of the institute in the propagation and conservation of the species.

Delhi Public School visits ICAR-NRC on Mithun - 22 April 2022

Delhi Public School visits ICAR-NRC on Mithun - 22 April 2022
66, class 7, students along with 2 teachers visit ICAR-NRC on Mithun

A BRIEF REPORT OF MITHUN MELA AT DAMRO VILLAGE, ARUNACHAL PRADESH - 07 April 2022

A BRIEF REPORT OF MITHUN MELA AT DAMRO VILLAGE, ARUNACHAL PRADESH - 07 April 2022
Mithun Mela, Technology awareness, Animal health camp and TSP inputs distribution programme was conducted at Damro village in Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh state on 7th April 2022. Shri Kanggong Taku, Hon’ble MLA for Mariyan/Geku A/C, Govt of Arunachal Pradesh graced the event as Chief Guest. Altogether, 312 farmers attended the day-long programme while 156 mithun were brought for exhibition in the Mela. TSP inputs were distributed to the farming community for establishing semi-...